Getting robotic endometrial cancer surgery in India is a good option for you because it brings cost effective solution to your medical problems. Robotic endometrial cancer surgery in India is performed with the usage of latest equipments in the field of medicine. The hospitals where robotic endometrial cancer surgery in India is performed have state of the art facilities. India has been attracting foreign patients for numerous procedures in all health specialties and in particular for a variety of gynecological procedures. It is thus well-known that medical tourism in India can be broadly considered as provision of cost effective and highly qualified medical care.
Endometrial cancer refers to several types of malignancy which arise from the endometrium, or lining of the uterus. The most common subtype, endometrioid adenocarcinomatypically occurs within a few decades of menopause and is associated with excessive estrogen exposure, often develops in the setting of endometrial hyperplasia, and presents most often with vaginal bleeding. Endometrial carcinoma is the third most common cause of gynecologic cancer death.
Symptoms of endometrial cancer
- Unusual vaginal bleeding or discharge
- Difficult or painful urination
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Anemia, caused by chronic loss of blood.
- Thin white or clear vaginal discharge in postmenopausal women.
Causes of endometrial cancer
- Early menarche
- Hormone replacement therapy with exogenous estrogen
- Late menopause
- Presence of an estrogen-secreting tumor
- Low parity
The following are the stages of endometrial cancer
Stage I of endometrial cancer
In stage I, cancer is found in the uterus only. Stage I is divided into stages IA, IB, and IC, based on how far the cancer has spread.
- Stage IA: Cancer is in the endometrium only.
- Stage IB: Cancer has spread into the inner half of the myometrium.
- Stage IC: Cancer has spread into the outer half of the myometrium.
Stage II of endometrial cancer
In stage II, cancer has spread from the uterus to the cervix, but has not spread outside the uterus. Stage II is divided into stages IIA and IIB, based on how far the cancer has spread into the cervix.
- Stage IIA: Cancer has spread to the glands where the cervix and uterus meet.
- Stage IIB: Cancer has spread into the connective tissue of the cervix.
Stage III of endometrial cancer
In stage III, cancer has spread beyond the uterus and cervix, but has not spread beyond the pelvis. Stage III is divided into stages IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC, based on how far the cancer has spread within the pelvis.
- Stage IIIA: Cancer has spread to one or more of the following:
- The outermost layer of the uterus; or
- Tissue just beyond the uterus; or
- The peritoneum.
- Stage IIIB: Cancer has spread beyond the uterus and cervix, into the vagina.
- Stage IIIC: Cancer has spread to lymph nodes near the uterus.
Stage IV of endometrial cancer
In stage IV, cancer has spread beyond the pelvis. Stage IV is divided into stages IVA and IVB, based on how far the cancer has spread.
Stage IVA: Cancer has spread to the bladder and/or bowel wall.
Stage IVB: Cancer has spread to other parts of the body beyond the pelvis, including lymph nodes in the abdomen and/or groin.
Procedure – There are different types of endometrial cancer surgery
In this type of hysterectomy, the doctor makes a cut in the abdominal wall to expose the ligaments and blood vessels around the uterus. The muscles in the abdomen are usually not cut, but spread apart with retractors. The ligaments and blood vessels are separated from the uterus and the blood vessels tied off so they will heal and not bleed. Then, the uterus with the cervix is removed by cutting it off at the top of the vagina. The top of the vagina is repaired by being sewn so that a hole is not left. This is called the vaginal cuff.
The scar may be horizontal or vertical, depending on the reason the procedure is performed, and the size of the area being treated. Total abdominal hysterectomy allows the whole abdomen and pelvis to be examined, which is an advantage in women with cancer or investigating growths of unclear cause.
Vaginal hysterectomy - During this procedure, the uterus is removed through the vagina. A vaginal hysterectomy is appropriate only for conditions such as uterine prolapse, endometrial hyperplasia, or cervical dysplasia. These are conditions in which the uterus is not too large, and in which the whole abdomen does not require examination using a more extensive surgical procedure.
In this procedure the woman will need to have her legs raised up in a stirrup device throughout the procedure. Once the anesthetic has taken effect, specially designed instruments will be passed through the vagina to remove the cervix and the womb. The top of the vagina will be closed using dissolvable stitches. A tampon-shaped dressing may be left in the vagina to put on some pressure that stops any bleeding. There will be no visible cuts or scars.
In this technique, the surgeon makes a small cut through the abdominal wall just below the navel. A tube containing a tiny lens and light source is then inserted through the incision. A camera can be attached that allows the surgeon to see the abdominal cavity on a video monitor. When the ovaries and fallopian tubes are detached, they are removed though a small incision at the top of the vagina. The organs can also be cut into smaller sections and removed.
Radical hysterectomy - This type of surgery is done to remove the uterus, cervix, and part of the vagina. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, or nearby lymph nodes may also be removed.
The radical hysterectomy procedure involves more extensive surgery than a total abdominal hysterectomy because it also includes removing tissues surrounding the uterus and removal of the upper vagina. Radical hysterectomy is most commonly performed for early cervical cancer.
Benefits of endometrial cancer surgery
- Significantly less pain
- Less blood loss
- Fewer transfusions
- Less risk of infection
- Less scarring
- Shorter hospital stay
- Shorter recovery time
Robotic endometrial cancer surgery in India is performed by certified surgeons. It is their medical skills, along with the hospitals high tech facilities and medical tourism packages that ensure a constant influx of medical tourists to India. Another reason for the constant influx of foreign patients coming to India for robotic endometrial cancer surgery is its favorable costs. Indian surgeons are well known for their expertise. Most of them have been trained abroad and have tremendous experience in their field.
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