What Is Female Sterilization and How Does It Work?

By | September 23, 2017


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Female sterilization is a permanent procedure done to prevent pregnancy by blocking the fallopian tubes. Sterilization is a good option when women choose not to have children. This is a slightly more complex and expensive procedure than vasectomy, i.e. male sterilization. It is the most common procedure in developing countries. Often women aged between 40 to 44 years are more likely than all other age groups to use female sterilization with 51% choosing this as their primary birth control method.

Types of Female Sterilization

There are two types of female sterilization- surgical and nonsurgical.

Tubal ligation is the surgical procedure in which the fallopian tubes are cut or sealed. Sometimes, it is referred to as getting your tubes tied and often this procedure is done using a minimally invasive surgery called as laparoscopic sterilization in India. This can also be performed after a cesarean section or vaginal delivery.

The nonsurgical procedures use devices placed in the fallopian tubes to seal them. These devices are inserted through the vagina and uterus and the placement doesn’t need an incision.

How Does it Work?

The female sterilization will seal or block the fallopian tubes and prevents the egg from reaching the uterus and keeps the sperm from reaching the egg. Pregnancy can’t occur without fertilization of the egg.

Tubal ligation surgery involves blocking the fallopian tubes by tying, sealing or attaching or ring or a clip. The Fallopian tubes are the structures of the female reproductive system playing the role of carrying the fertilized ovum to the uterus. The sperm cannot reach the ovum since the path is blocked in the tubal ligation and pregnancy cannot take place. The tubal ligation is effective immediately post surgery and the results are typically permanent with small risk of failure.

Recovery after Female Sterilization with Tubal Ligation Surgery

Post procedure, you will be monitored for every fifteen minutes for an hour to ensure that you are recovering and you have no complications. Most people will be discharged the same day usually within two hours. Often the recovery will take around two to five days.

How Effective is Female Sterilization?

The female sterilization is about 100% effective to prevent pregnancy. As per a recent study, about 2-10 out of 1,000 women might get pregnant after the tubal ligation surgery. As per another study published in the Contraception, it was found that around 24-30 women out of 1,000 got pregnant after undergoing the tubal ligation.

Female Sterilization Cost in India with Indian Medguru Consultants

The female sterilization cost in India is affordable with special packages offered by Indian Medguru Consultants for the international patients. The cost of tubal ligation surgery in India is almost one fourth the cost of the surgery in the UK and the US. However, it is worth noting that the low female sterilization cost in India doesn’t mean that they compromise on the quality of the treatment. The hospitals in India are renowned for the world class quality treatment at low price from the highly qualified and skilled doctors.

Benefits of Female Sterilization in India

The female sterilization is a good option for women who need effective and permanent birth control. This is safe for almost all women and has extremely low failure rate. The sterilization is quite effective without leading to the same side effects as with other methods such as the implant, the birth control pills or even the intrauterine device (IUD). This procedure will not affect the hormones, sexual desire and menstruation. Few evidences also suggest that the female sterilization may slightly decrease the risk of ovarian cancer.


It is significant to make an appointment with the doctor to discuss about the female sterilization and to determine whether this is the best birth control option for you. It is important to remember that female sterilization prevents pregnancy but does not protect against STI’s. To get further details and information about female sterilization surgery in India with Indian Medguru Consultants, call us at +91-9370586696. Get an immediate appointment with the best doctors in India by sending your query at our Email Address: contact@indianmedguru.com and your executive will get back to you for further interaction.

Read also : Female Sterilization in India: Women Must be Given Safe Choices

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