In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) : Side Effects And Risks

By | April 5, 2016

Overview

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Infertility is not a curse, which many people in our society think of. However, the modern medical sciences have embarked with the idea of different treatment options, which certainly include the IVF or the in vitro fertilization. The procedure called IVF is a known assisted reproductive technology, which is termed as IVF. This process of fertilization is carried out manually with the help of combining an egg & sperm at the lab dish and is then transfer the embryo over the uterus. In order to see the pregnancy working out, an egg has to be released from the ovary and then it is allowed to unite the sperm. Usually, this union is known as fertilization, which occurs inside the fallopian tube that joins the uterus and then to the ovary. Now, let us dig in deep into the IVF procedure in the following paragraphs.

Candidate for In Vitro Fertilization

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The following are the candidates for the procedure called IVF:

  • The women with both fallopian tubes are blocked or absent owing to surgery or tubal pregnancy
  • The women with Endometriosis
  • The men with reduced sperm count or motility rate
  • Patients with an unexplained infertility and are found normal in all their tests and but fail to conceive
  • Patients who are unable to become pregnant despite all the routine treatments of infertility

The patients who want to conceive with this procedure over the embryo & egg donation. And the result would depend upon the quality of the same.

Side Effects of IVF

Though you may be required to take it simple after the procedure a majority of women are seen resuming to their normal life, however, some of them are seen with side effects as well. Some of the side effects after this procedure can include:

You can experience passing a small quantity of fluid, which can be clear or blood-tinged after the procedure:

  • Mild cramping
  • Mild bloating
  • Breast tenderness
  • Constipation

If you are seen experiencing the above symptoms, make sure you give a call to your doctor and discuss about the same. Also the following side effects are considered to be fatal, which are to be consulted the doctor on an urgent basis.

  • Pelvic pain
  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Blood in the urine
  • A fever over 100.5 °F (38 °C)

In Vitro Fertilization

The Risks Associated with IVF

Unlike any procedure related to infertility treatment, the IVF treatment is also known for a couple of risks. The fertility medications can have issues like mood swings, headaches, hot flashes, abdominal pain and other issues. One can even witness the risks, which goes the following ways:

  • Vomit or nausea
  • Reduction of Urinary frequency
  • Breath Shortness
  • Faintness
  • Weight loss in just few days
  • Severe amount of bloating or stomach pains

Besides, you can even face issues like multiple pregnancy, infection, bowel damage, bleeding or bladder. If you experience such kind of issues, you can discuss with your doctor immediately to get things sorted out for you.

How Effective is IVF Treatment?

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The success rate of the IVF would depend upon a number of factors like maternal age, reproductive history, and cause of infertility, maternal age, lifestyle factors and other elements. It is really vital to understand that the pregnancy rates are simply not the same as seen during the live birth rates.  If we take the example of US about the effectiveness of the IVF treatment, it goes in this way. The patients under 35 gets a percentage of 41 to 45 percent, while for the people of 35 to 37 enjoy 33 to 36 percent among the women, while the patients with 38 to 40 age group can be seen the percentage of 23 to 27 percent while the women above 40 years of age it can give you the percentage of 18 percent.Read more about – Low Cost In Vitro Fertilization Treatment in India

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