There has been a remarkable increase in the number of patients visiting India for hydrosalpinx surgery. The reason for this is because of the Indian hospitals’ infrastructure and technology which is at par with developed countries. India has some of the best surgeons performing hydrosalpinx surgery across the world with the best facilities. International patients choose hydrosalpinx surgery in India because of the efficient infrastructure and technology of the Indian healthcare sector.
A hydrosalpinx is a distally blocked fallopian tube filled with serous or clear fluid. The blocked tube may become substantially distended giving the tube a characteristic retort-like shape. The condition of the fallopian is often bilateral and the affected tubes may reach several centimeters in diameter. The blocked fallopian tubes can cause infertility.
Symptoms of hydrosalpinx -
- Constant or recurring pain in the abdomen
- Vaginal discharge
Causes of hydrosalpinx –
- Chlamydia - caused by the bacterium
- Other sexually transmitted diseases
- Having an abortion
- Having an IUD inserted.
Procedure – There are two surgeries to treat hydrosalpinx namely – salpingectomy and salpingostomy.
Salpingectomy – Salpingnectomy is a surgical procedure that begins with a tiny incision in the abdomen in or near the navel. After the incisions are created the surgeon inserts a slender telescope-like instrument, called a laparoscope, through the incision.
A second small incision is made just above the pubic hair line, a probe is inserted, and the fallopian tubes are removed. The surgeon inserts a short hollow tube into the abdomen and, if necessary, pumps in carbon dioxide gas in order to move intestines out of the way and better view the organs. After a wider double tube is inserted on one side for the laparoscope, another small incision is made on the other side through which other instruments can be inserted. After the operation is completed, the tubes and instruments are withdrawn. The tiny incisions are sutured and there is very little scarring.
Salpingostomy - Salpingostomy is a surgery that is performed by laparotomy or laparoscopy therapy. A laparotomy is an incision made in the abdominal wall through which the fallopian tubes are visualized. With this surgery, a tube known as laparoscope containing a tiny lens and light source is inserted through a small incision in the navel. A camera can be attached that allows the surgeon to see the abdominal cavity on a video monitor. If rupture has not occurred in the fallopian tube, a drug called vasopressin is injected into the tube to minimize the amount of bleeding.
In salpingostomy an incision is made through the wall of the tube in the area of the ectopic pregnancy. The new hole, or ostium, replaces the normal opening of the fallopian tube through which the egg released by an ovary each menstrual cycle is collected. The products of conception are then flushed out of the tube with an instrument called a suction-irrigator. Any bleeding sites are treated by suturing or by applying pressure with forceps. The incision is not sutured but instead left to heal on its own. The abdominal wall is then closed.
Recovery post hydrosalpinx surgery –
The patient should practice breathing exercises to prevent pulmonary complications.
The patient should also practice coughing exercises to prevent pulmonary complications.
The patient should perform exercises that resemble activities performed in the home and/or workplace.
Hydrosalpinx surgery in India is available at hospitals that are globally appreciated because these hospitals have got the world eminent doctors and qualified support staff. In addition to this the patients coming to India get world class treatment and excellent services for hydrosalpinx surgery at a cost which is less as weighed against the cost of treatment in the western countries.
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