Male Infertility Treatment in India at certified hospitals and clinics offer excellent medical facilities. The mortality rate for various Male Infertility Treatment in India is on par with the best Andrology Centers in the world. Factors such as low cost, scale and range of treatments provided by India differentiate it from other medical tourism destinations. High cost of treatments in the developed countries, has been forcing patients from such regions to look for alternative and cost-effective destinations to get their treatments done. Indian Medguru Group will assist you take advantage of the best Indian hospitals and clinics at an affordable price.
To be infertile means to be unable to beget children. From the medical standpoint, a couple is considered to be infertile if there has been no pregnancy after one to one-and-half years of unprotected sexual intercourse. For the fertility process to proceed smoothly, both the man and the woman should be healthy and normal.
Infertility vs. Impotence
It is important to note that infertility and impotence are quite different entities. Failure to discern the difference between the two is a needless cause of embarrassment to most men who stay away from Andrology clinics because of the stigma that goes with the latter term. Impotence means an inability to attain or sustain erections for satisfactory sexual intercourse. The term has no bearing whatsoever on the fertility status of the man. It is thus possible for a totally impotent man to be potentially fertile and it will be possible to produce a pregnancy in the wife of such a man by insemination of the husband's semen. Infertility, on the other hand, means an inability to produce children. This usually results from the husband's semen being infertile or sub-fertile. Most infertile men are perfectly normal in terms of potency and have very satisfactory sexual relations with their partners.
Causes of Male infertility
A number of clinical conditions and disease entities can render a man infertile. The more important causes are summarised as -
a. acute : smallpox, mumps, other viral infections
b. chronic : TB, leprosy, prostatitis
Sexually transmitted diseases
Idiopathic - cause unknown
a. direct : testicular or pelvic trauma, heat, irradiation
b. indirect : radiotherapy, chemotherapy, environmental toxins, drugs, marijuana, tobacco, alcohol
Undescended testes (cryptorchidism)
Previous surgery : inguinal, scrotal, retroperitoneal, bladder neck, vasectomy
Obstructions : congenital (aplasia), vasectomy, post-infective
Systemic illnesses especially hepatic, renal
Immunologic : infection, obstruction
Spinal cord lesions
Genetic, endocrine & familial disorders : Klinefelter's syndrome, Young's syndrome, cystic fibrosis, adrenal hyperplasia
Sometimes, in spite of the most meticulous search, no obvious cause can be found for the male infertility. This group, known as the idiopathic infertility group, constitutes a large percentage.
Treatment for male infertility -
Treatment of male infertility is difficult and sometimes frustrating. Immediate results are hard to produce and persistence with therapy is required.
The following modalities of treatment are generally employed.
Medical Treatment – This consists of the administration of certain drugs to improve seminal quality. Clomiphene citrate, mesterolone, tamoxifen, gonadotropin injections, antibiotics, steroids etc. are commonly used.
Surgical Treatment – Obstructions in the sperm conduction pathway, varicoceles, undescended testes etc. can be treated by operation. Modern microsurgical techniques are of great help. Even patients who have undergone a vasectomy in the past can have their vasectomy reversed and the tubes recanalised successfully using microsurgery.
Assisted Reproduction - In many cases, neither medicines nor operations are of help. In such cases, an attempt is made in the reproductive laboratory to improve semen quality and facilitate the penetration of the sperm into the ovum. This includes sperm washing/capacitation, intra-uterine insemination (IUI), gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT), in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and micro-manipulation (ICSI).
Experts providing Male Infertility Treatment in India combine the latest innovations in medical electronics with unmatched expertise. Various Male Infertility Treatments requiring high medical expertise are available here at a much lower cost with the same medical standards as compared to the Western countries. The facilities available at Indian hospitals and clinics are top quality. In the recent past, Indian government has established several hospitals and clinics. These world class hospitals are well furnished with various medical equipments and reputed and trained medical practitioners who are well versed in Male Infertility Treatment.
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